Herpes is a highly contagious viral skin disease that is caused by the herpes simplex virus. There are two types of herpes virus exist which causes herpes: herpes simplex virus 1 and herpes simplex virus 2. Oral herpes is caused by herpes simplex virus 1 and genital herpes is caused by herpes simplex virus 2. Herpes simplex virus may affect any part of the body especially oral and genital parts such as lips, tongue, cheeks, anus, urethra, vagina and penis. The symptoms of herpes infection may or may not occurs. Most often symptoms of herpes virus usually develops around the area of oral and genitals. Painful blister, watery lesion and sore are the major symptoms of herpes. Cold sore usually occurs on the lips. Some people can also develops the symptoms such as itching, muscle pain, tingling, flu and burning around the infected area. Cold sore usually occurs after the itching, burning and tingling. As we know that the herpes disease is highly infectious, so everyone are at the risk of getting infected by this disease. Herpes simplex disease usually spread through indirect or direct exposure to the virus. Most people gets oral herpes by kissing. Indirect exposure to herpes simplex virus may also infect you from this disease. Using infected stuffs such as razor, lipsticks, towel, utensils and sharing toothbrush may be the reason to get this virus. It is also possible that an infant may catch this disease from their mother. Sexual exposure to herpes simplex virus 2 is the main cause of getting genital herpes. Genital herpes known as sexually transmission disease. The virus may also enter in your body by kissing or by oral form of sexual activity.
Doctors usually diagnosis herpes disease by examining the symptoms of it. However there are many tests available which detect herpes disease. Polymer chain reaction blood test is the most trustable tests to diagnose herpes virus infection. Other test such as viral culture test, herpes antigen detection test and antibody test are the major tests available. After the diagnosis of herpes first thing you need to know that herpes disease can’t be cured. However there are several medicines available which helps to prevent further outbreaks of herpes virus. Acyclovir is the most common medicine available which doctors usually prescribes to manage the herpes symptoms. Medicines such as Val-acyclovir, famcyclovir, Valtrex and zovirax can also be used to prevent further outbreaks of herpes virus infection. Laser treatment is and natural therapy is the alternate way of herpes treatment that you can go for. All these treatment has limited access over the herpes infection and they can’t cure herpes forever.